Free economic zones (SEZs) have become part of global business practices and operate in different countries. Now in the world, according to various estimates, from 400 to 2000 bms, but this number can not be rightly attributed either one Russian, as those of education, which in Russia are called 'free economic zones', do not meet international requirements for such zones. Moreover, despite repeated attempts to create really functioning free economic zone in Russia, they remain in the domestic economy rather exotic phenomenon, around which for nearly 10 years of being sharp, but do not always provide real benefits debate. Judging by the severity of these discussions, as well as by the absence of significant practical results of Russian sez is still not considered quite clear: It is advisable and possible at all to their widespread establishment of our transient conditions? Now the world there are about 25 species and operates about 2000 free economic zones, including more than 400 free trade zones, the same scientific and industrial parks, more than 300 export-production zones, 100 zones for special purposes (ecological, economic, shore, tourism, etc.). There is a band focused on the external market, is – on the inside. To solve these problems there are all sorts of privileges in customs, lease, exchange, visa, labor and other regimes, which creates conditions for industrial development and investment of foreign capital. In these areas there are about one third world bank deposits developed countries. Goal of establishing free economic zones vary widely depending on the economic, social, sometimes political conditions of a country.