On phosphorus keeps our entire skeletal system. Phosphorus – the second most popular mineral in our body, consisting of 1% (500-800 grams) of phosphorus. Moreover, 80-87% of the total phosphorus contained in the skeleton. As part of numerous organic phosphorus plays a key role in metabolism. Daily requirement – 1.2 g for females 25 years and about 800 mg – for women after 25. During pregnancy and lactation – 1,2-1,5, the Phosphorus is one of the most important biologically elements.
A significant amount of phosphorus in the apatite (ftorfosfata calcium) is in the teeth. Inorganic phosphorus compounds play an important role in maintaining acid-base balance of blood. In numerous organic phosphorus compounds play a key role in metabolism. From the first months of pregnancy, skeletal system laid the baby on the rest of his life. The growing baby draws all necessary to the mother's body, including including calcium for proper bone. Phosphorus and magnesium contribute to the full absorption of calcium, as the basic building blocks of bone and cartilage tissues.
The optimum ratio of calcium and phosphorus as well as calcium and magnesium – 2 / 1. The popularity of the phosphorus is contained in the following advantages: 1. Phosphorus – one of three basic building materials of the body, forms the basis of the skeleton and plays a role in the formation of bones and teeth. 2. Phosphorus is required in order to brain was able to work qualitatively. 3. As part of the nucleotides and nucleic acids (DNA, RNA), phosphate is involved in the processes of encoding, storage and use of genetic information, the synthesis of nucleic acids, proteins, growth and cell division. 4. No less great role of organic phosphorus compounds in the energy supply of vital processes. Thus, in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and creatine phosphate in the body accumulates and uses energy. The value of phosphorus in energy metabolism due not only to the central role of atp, but also by the fact that all the conversion of glucose in the body place with his participation. 5. Function of phosphorus compounds predetermine their important role in leading the physiological processes: conducting nerve impulses and muscle contraction. Phosphorus compounds are involved in education myelin, which forms an insulating sheath of nerve fibers. 6. Significant role played by inorganic phosphate in the maintenance of acid-base balance. A necessary condition for absorption of phosphorus from organic compounds is the splitting of these intestinal alkaline phosphatase (enzyme produced in the intestines). Maintaining the level of phosphorus in the body and regulation of its metabolism is carried out with the participation of vitamin D and hormone parathyroid glands. The exact human need for phosphorus is not installed. Currently in force in Ukraine rate for adults is 1200-1600 mg. Food products – sources of phosphorus. Meat, fish, unrefined grains, and eggs. Phosphorus content of 100 g, mg more nonfood sources of phosphorus – a drug phosphorus or phosphorus-containing dietary supplements. Typically, phosphorus compounds are not included in multivitamin complexes and complexes vitamins for pregnant women. In case of violation of phosphorus metabolism of phosphorus drugs by a doctor. Phosphorus deficiency in pregnant women is extremely rare. Modern food, by contrast, may contain some excess of phosphorus (Phosphoric acid in the soft drinks, Pepsi-Cola, salamis, sausages, baking powder, baking, etc.). All products with a long period of storage or that contain phosphorus reagents. Intake of phosphorus for pregnant and lactating is 1200-1500 mg / day.