Health researchers in the view of the Middle Ages. Belyakov Regina Andreyevna, a student at Faculty of Medicine 3rd year of Tver State Medical Academy. The Middle Ages is usually seen as a dark age perfect barbarism, as the period of history, which is characterized in two words: ignorance and superstition. As proof of this comes from the fact that the philosophers and physicians throughout the medieval period, nature has remained a closed book, but the predominant rule at that time enjoyed astrology, alchemy, magic, witchcraft, scholastics and miracles. The proof of worthlessness of medieval medicine is a perfect lack of hygiene in the Middle Ages, cities, private homes, as well as raging over the entire period of deadly plague, leprosy and various skin diseases. Widespread mystical ideas.
Astrologers and magicians, fortune tellers and hysterical woman successfully competed with the doctors. Moreover, many physicians use their tools and techniques. In the atmosphere of the Middle Ages, when prayers and holy relics were considered more effective treatment than medication when an autopsy study of its anatomy and recognized a mortal sin, invented 'the system' anatomical and physiological concepts of Galen, an inquisitive researcher and experimenter, was left as the ultimate 'scientific' basis of medicine and is considered the supreme achievement of the human mind. 'Scientists' doctors, scholastics studied, quoted and commented on his writings. 1. In practical medicine Early Medieval period, widespread following types of medicine. Witches for their healing on a large scale enjoyed an extensive family of plants bearing the name of "grass-comforter." In the Middle century was mainly developed practical medicine, which is engaged in bathhouse-barbers. They did blood-letting, reduce a joints had to be amputated. Job bathhouse attendant in the public consciousness was associated with "Unclean" occupations related to the sick human body, blood, dead bodies, they long bore the stamp of rejection. Significant role in medieval medicine was given a magical rites, the impact on disease through symbolic gestures, "special" words, objects.